The House of Princes, 1922: The fact that Sikkim was a member of the House of Princes of India is a question of law that was revived at the time of the annexation of Sikkim. When, under section 7 of the Indian Independence Act 1947, the British Crown`s sovereignty over the Indian states became extinct, all members of the House of Princes became technically independent states. The Indian princely states then merged with the Dominion of India through the signing of instruments of accession and merger agreements. The Indian government claimed that Sikkim, since it was a member of the Princely Chamber, was in fact another princely state of India. Chogyal`s legal adviser claimed that Sikkim was only a formal member of the House, a body that had no executive power, and that Sikkim did indeed follow special contractual relations with the British Crown. “This agreement is of the utmost importance for every Sikkimese. The Indian government refers to the terms of the May 8 agreement and continues to formulate guidelines and programmes for Sikkim today,” he said. In 1895, the Chogyal was liberated, but the British governors in India broke an agreement – the ten-clause agreement – that returned sovereignty to Sikkim. The political officer of Sikkim, John Claude White, refused to surrender any sovereignty and let the Chogyal keep only the justice of Sikkim. The tripartite agreement required the establishment of a fully accountable government in the Kingdom of Sikkim at the time, with more democratic and extensive legislative and executive powers for elected officials.
The publication also recalls that “it was on this agreement that the principle of a one-a-one vote was introduced and that general elections were held on 13 April 1974, which was the first and last election of independent Sikkim”. 8. May 1973 Agreement: This was an agreement reached by the Chogyal, the Indian government and the leaders of the political parties of Sikkim after the total collapse of the legal and regulatory situation. In Gangtok, after agitations for “a more democratic constitution” and “greater legislative and executive powers for elected officials,” there had been serious outbreaks of violence. Both were provided for in the agreement. In addition, the Indian government has been “invited” to “assume responsibility” for law and order and appoint an executive chief or head of administration in Sikkim. Elections based on one and one votes were introduced. The Indian head of administration had all the administrative authority.
If there was disagreement between him and the Chogyals, it should be referred “to the political officer of Sikkim, who must seek the advice of the Indian government, which must be binding.” Anglo-Chinese Convention of 1890: In accordance with this convention, agreed between the representatives of the British Crown and the Emperor of China, Sikkim would have been recognized as a protectorate of the British government. Neither Sikkim nor Tibet were consulted and were not parties to the agreement. After the elections, the Sikkim National Congress and the Sikkim Janata Congress claimed that electoral fraud had taken place in a constituency. . . .